Todd’s Note: This guest post discusses keeping and maintaining a car kit. This is a good idea for every vehicle that you own. After reading these ideas, what would you add? What do you carry in your vehicle?
You’ve done the research, made a plan and stocked up on non-perishables, and now your home is a prepper’s paradise. But what if an emergency happens while you’re on the road? Many preppers have created bug-out bags (aka BOBs) to keep in their vehicle for this scenario. Beyond the fairly obvious items like food and water, the following five items are Car BOB must-haves:
Create your own first aid kit, as opposed to buying one at the local drug store. This way, you can customize it to include the things you know you would would want and use. In addition to items like Band-Aids, antibiotic ointment and hand sanitizer, the kit should contain medicine that family members take on a regular basis. Since most BOBs are created with a three-day rule (keep enough of everything on hand to survive three days) in mind, be sure to include enough prescription medication to last at least 72 hours. Freshen up your first-aid kit every six months or so; rotate the medications with fresh doses, and be sure the expiration dates on the other items have not passed.
Set of Auto Tools
Keep a vehicle tool set in your trunk. Make sure it includes a screwdriver, crescent wrench, ratchet set and spark plugs that fit the car. Keep quality tires on your vehicle and follow these tire maintenance tips, so you can meet just about any situation—but always have a tire iron, jack and full-size spare on hand as well, just in case.
Todd’s Note – Sometimes it’s a pain to get to your spare, but you want to make sure that it is good and filled with air! I would also add a 12volt air compressor…or at least that’s what I’ve done.
Some Sort of Shelter
To make it for 72 hours or so, you are going to need to stay warm and dry. Your Car BOB should contain a tent, and you should practice setting it up ahead of time. Add a sleeping bag that can handle the elements, as well as a tarp or a sleeping pad to set the tent on.
Todd’s Note – Many times, it might be better to stay with your vehicle. In cold months, you can keep a cheap heaterin your vehicle. Just make sure to vent it!
Include a big roll of sturdy duct tape. From fixing torn tents to taping up broken windows and more, duct tape will come in handy in a plethora of ways.
Being prepared can become an overwhelming task, there is a lot to do and consider. It is important to understand that preparing is more than just stocking up on food and water. It can be overwhelming when looking at the big picture and all the different things you need to do. But there is good news, as long as you properly organize and pace yourself you can avoid that overwhelmed feeling.
First you need to make lists, literately write down what you want to prepare for, be it natural disaster, loss of job, physical disability etc.
Here are some examples of lists topics:
Their 207-page blueprint on an alternative earth draws water and oxygen from the moon, 'invents' gravity and even provides for a viable economy
p>A nuclear holocaust, the super bug ravishing humankind, a flashing neon orbit descending from the sky or an asteroid tearing the planet as we know it asunder; in one word — Armageddon. But what if mankind could prepare for Apocalypse? That was exactly the question posed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in an open competition to schools up to 12th standard around the world.
Students of Sri Chaitanya Techno School in the city have responded by drawing up detailed plans of a sort of Noah's Ark, a settlement in which man can live and thrive. The 207-page blueprint is so detailed and precise that NASA has judged it the second best project in the world.
The students have named their colony 'Nea Zoi Space Settlement'. It does resemble a sci-fi movie and seemingly defies the realms of science, but the students insist that it is not mere fiction. From 'inventing' gravity to providing for man's basic needs to a thriving economy, transport and communication, the students have devised ways to deal with every situation.
For food, the students have devised a plan to grow plants through a technique called aeroponics (through supply of essential nutrition to the plants at the right levels in the form of mist directly at their root) and plant hybridisation (for higher yields by production of new species of crops).
What about oxygen and water? The students have proposed oxygen generation through various processes like using by-products of the lunar mining industry to generate oxygen to algae culture. The water would be sourced through raw materials mined from the moon by extracting hydrogen and oxygen molecules.
Nea Zoi, spread over more than 119 crore sq mts, will rest on a base made of carbon fibre and will support a population of 15 crore . The colony will be located at L4 and L5 (points that lie on the orbit of the earth around the sun which when joined with the point of the sun with a line, would make an angle measuring 60 degrees with the radius of the earth from the sun. These points lie on vertically opposite quadrants of the circle). They are the two most stable orbits.
"Since a straight line can be drawn from the earth and the settlement, communications would be easier even with the presence of gravitational lensing," said Aayush Basavesh, who worked on the project and who has completed his Std X. Jyothi Kishore, a Std X student, revealed it would take 33 years to build. "It is economically feasible as it saves huge wealth that could be used to construct other space facilities."
What do you need to stay hydrated? There isn’t a do-it-all, indispensable water filtration/purification system, as far as I’m concerned. But here is how to put together an integrated survival water system that may work for you.
Start with where you anticipate being. Water will be harder to find in arid areas, but standing water in a swamp may be harder to purify than what you find in a desert spring.
Here’s what I’ve come up with, and this system may cover all your bases.
For quick conversion of questionable water into something safe to drink, a sport bottle with a built-in filter is superb. Typically, these hold about a liter, and all you do is fill it with the questionable water and suck on the straw. With some water treatments, you frequently must wait a period of time while the chemicals work. If you or a child is dehydrated, he/she needs water ASAP. There is instant gratification with a good sport bottle.
If you’re traveling along a creek, near a lake or along some other dependable water source, a sport bottle works great. Replenish the bottle as necessary, and reduce the water weight.
There are no chemicals involved in a good sport bottle system, so ingesting iodine, chlorine bleach or other additives shouldn’t be a concern.
The bad news is that any bottle or bladder system can be affected by freezing.
The Rest of the Integrated Survival Water System
No single item can guarantee that you will be able to purify water for drinking. (I’m not sure anything can purify some of the vile liquid that remains standing after a flood or tsunami!)
This combination of water bottles works well. The rigid Nalgene in the middle is used for drinking and storage and the Paltypus soft bottle are used to store extra water in the pack.
Here’s what I carry as part of my water purification system, and so far, everything has served me well. (Many of these items are multi-use):
Polar Pure or Potable Agua: These are chemicalpurifiers, and require a certain time period for them to work. I used the Polar Pure system exclusively on a nine-day canoe trip in Minnesota’s Boundary Waters and the system worked really well. Potable Agua comes in capsules and is easy to carry and use. Either Polar Pure of Potable Aqua goes on every outing.
Platypus flexible water containers. These collapsible water containers are available in various sizes as water storage units and they roll up into a small, lightweight pack when empty. I generally carry two or three extras in my daypack, since they weigh next to nothing and don’t take up much space.
Nalgene bottle: I like the wide-mouth, and modify mine with a paracord loop and duct tape. The loop is designed so the bottle can be carried on my belt, or tied to a cord to lower into a stock tank, depression or water source that is hard to get to. Don’t think you can just tie something onto the lid retainer – chances are it will break at some point, and as these things go, probably when you need it the most.
Tin cup for dipping water out of hard-to-reach places and/or boiling: Tin cups are great! You can use them for a multitude of tasks, including boiling water. Boiling water is probably the safest, most effective method of water purification available, providing you have a heat source.
Six-foot piece of aquarium tubing: I got this tip from survival expert Peter Kummerfeldt. Peter recommends including the tubing in case you find water in a crack or crevice and can’t get to it. Just stick the tube in the water and suck it out.
Coffee filter and bandanna: If you can filter the mud and debris out of the water, it will make any filter last that
Large garbage bag: Another multi-use item. Use this to catch rain, or as a reservoir for holding water. I wouldn’t waste my time or the materials to make a solar still. My experience is that solar stills don’t work well enough to justify construction.
Water filter: Some lightweight method of filtering and purifying water can be incredibly useful.
People cannot survive in the wilderness without air, water and food. In normal conditions a person can live without air for three minutes, without water for three days, and without food for three weeks. Since air is plentiful (in most survival situations) we shouldn’t worry about that right now. Lack of water however is something that we should consider and also know how to deal with in case we face such situation. Below you will understand many essential things about water, how to find it, how to purify it and what not to do, you might want to save this page to your favourite pages for future reference, because it has a lot of things that you need to know for your survival.
Water for Survival
Your body loses water through normal body processes (sweating, urinating, defecating and even breathing). During average daily exertion when the atmospheric temperature is 20 degrees Celsius (C) (68 degrees Fahrenheit), the average adult loses and therefore requires 2 to 3 liters of water daily. Other factors, such as heat exposure, cold exposure, intense activity, high altitude, burns, or illness, can cause your body to lose more water. You must replace this water. Our body consists of 60% water, 75% of our brain and lean muscles is water, and 83% of water in our blood. Dehydration results from inadequate replacement of lost body fluids. It decreases your efficiency and, if injured, increases your susceptibility to severe shock. Consider the following results of body fluid loss:
A 2% dehydration, results in a feeling of thirst.
A 5% dehydration, results in a feeling of being hot and tired, and strength and endurance decrease.
A 10% dehydration, results in a feeling of delirium and blurred vision.
A 20% dehydration, results in death.
The most common signs and symptoms of dehydration are:
Dark urine with a very strong odor.
Low urine output.
Dark, sunken eyes.
Loss of skin elasticity.
Delayed capillary refill in fingernail beds.
Trench line down center of tongue.
Thirst. Last on the list because you are already 2 percent dehydrated by the time you crave fluids.
In any situation where food intake is low, drink 6 to 8 liters of water per day. In an extreme climate, especially an arid one, the average person can lose 2.5 to 3.5 liters of water per hour. In this type of climate, you should drink 14 to 30 liters of water per day. With the loss of water there is also a loss of electrolytes (body salts). The average diet can usually keep up with these losses but in an extreme situation or illness, additional sources need to be provided. A mixture of 0.25 teaspoon of salt to 1 liter of water will provide a concentration that the body tissues can readily absorb.Of all the physical problems encountered in a survival situation, the loss of water is the most preventable. The following are basic guidelines for the prevention of dehydration:
Always drink water when eating. Water is used and consumed as a part of the digestion process and can lead to dehydration.
Acclimatize. The body performs more efficiently in extreme conditions when acclimatized.
Conserve sweat not water. Limit sweat-producing activities but drink water.
Ration water. Until you find a suitable source, ration your water sensibly. A daily intake of 500 cubic centimeter (0.5 liter) of a sugar-water mixture (2 teaspoons per liter) will suffice to prevent severe dehydration for at least a week, provided you keep water losses to a minimum by limiting activity and heat gain or loss.
You can estimate fluid loss by several means. A standard field dressing holds about 0.25 liter (one-fourth canteen) of blood. A soaked T-shirt holds 0.5 to 0.75 liter. You can also use the pulse and breathing rate to estimate fluid loss. Use the following as a guide:
With a 0.75 liter loss the wrist pulse rate will be under 100 beats per minute and the breathing rate 12 to 20 breaths per minute.
With a 0.75 to 1.5 liter loss the pulse rate will be 100 to 120 beats per minute and 20 to 30 breaths per minute.
With a 1.5 to 2 liter loss the pulse rate will be 120 to 140 beats per minute and 30 to 40 breaths per minute. Vital signs above these rates require more advanced care.
Don’t eat (especially dry food) if you cannot find water, because to digest food your body will need water. If you’re very thirsty and find water, drink it slowly, don’t overload your system, try to drink every 10 minutes until you don’t feel thirsty anymore.
Ways to Find Water: Water is one of your most urgent needs in a survival situation. You can’ t live long without it, especially in hot areas where you lose water rapidly through perspiration. Even in cold areas, you need a minimum of 2 liters of water each day to maintain efficiency. More than three-fourths of your body is composed of fluids. Your body loses fluid as a result of heat, cold, stress, and exertion. To function effectively, you must replace the fluid your body loses. So, one of your first goals is to obtain an adequate supply of water.
Water Sources: Almost any environment has water present to some degree, here are some:
Frigid Areas: Snow and ice can be melted. Warning: Do not eat snow or ice without melting! Eating snow and ice can reduce body temperature and will lead to more dehydration. Sea ice that is gray in color or opaque is salty. Do not use it without desalting it. Sea ice that is crystaline with a bluish cast has little salt in it.
At Sea: For sea water you need to use desalter kit, do not drink seawater without desalting.
Rain Water: Rain water is not the main source in survival situation but in case it rains and you’re short of water it would be of a big help, try to find a wide container, because the width in this case is more important than the depth especially if it’s going to rain only for a short time, you may want to occupy the widest surface possible to take advantage of every drop of rain the wider the better (a kids inflatable swimming pool would be nice). Also you can spread a big clean sheet of plastic and make a hole in the middle, place it about 2 feet above the ground, place a bucket underneath the plastic sheet, exactly underneath the hole, so that the rain collected from the big plastic would pour rain water through the hole into the bucket, you may need to empty the bucket to a bigger container and place it again under the hole. (try to make the center of the plastic form a V so that the rain water will accumulate only in the center by placing a clean stone in the center).
Water at the Beach: Dig a hole deep enough to allow water to seep in, obtain rocks, build fire and heat rocks, drop hot rocks in water, hold cloth over hole to absorb steam, wring water from cloth. The rocks will make the water evaporate, the cloth will capture the evaporated water and convert it into water. Alternate method if a container or bark pot is available, fill container or pot with seawater, build fire and boil water to produce steam, hold cloth over container to absorb steam; wring water from cloth.
Water in the Desert: In deserts you can find water in:
Valleys and low areas
Foot of concave banks of dry river beads
Foot of cliffs or rock outcrops.
First depression behind first sand dune of dry desert lakes.
Wherever you find damp surface sand
Wherever you find green vegetation
After you spot one of the options above dig holes deep enough to allow water to seep in. In a sand dune belt, any available water will be found beneath the original valley floor at the edge of dunes.
Cacti can contain a good source of water, once a barrel cactus is found cut off the top and mash or squeeze the pulp. Caution: do not eat pulp, place pulp in mouth, suck out juice and discard pulp. Without a machete cutting into a cactus is difficult and takes time since you must get past the long strong spines and cut through the tough rind.
Stills (Solar Stills): You can use stills in various areas of the world. They draw moisture from the ground and from plant material. You need certain materials to build a still, and you need time to let it collect the water. It takes about 24 hours to get 0.5 to 1 liter of water. To make a belowground still, you need a digging tool, a container, a clear plastic sheet, a drinking tube, and a rock (See image below).
Select a site where you believe the soil will contain moisture (such as a dry stream bed or a low spot where rainwater has collected). The soil at this site should be easy to dig, and sunlight must hit the site most of the day.To construct the still:
Dig a bowl-shaped hole about 1 meter across and 60 centimeters deep.
Dig a sump in the center of the hole. The sump’s depth and perimeter will depend on the size of the container that you have to place in it. The bottom of the sump should allow the container to stand upright.
Anchor the tubing to the container’s bottom by forming a loose overhand knot in the tubing.
Place the container upright in the sump.
Extend the unanchored end of the tubing up, over, and beyond the lip of the hole.
Place the plastic sheet over the hole, covering its edges with soil to hold it in place.
Place a rock in the center of the plastic sheet.
Lower the plastic sheet into the hole until it is about 40 centimeters below ground level. It now forms an inverted cone with the rock at its apex. Make sure that the cone’s apex is directly over your container. Also make sure the plastic cone does not touch the sides of the hole because the earth will absorb the condensed water.
Put more soil on the edges of the plastic to hold it securely in place and to prevent the loss of moisture.
Plug the tube when not in use so that the moisture will not evaporate.
You can drink water without disturbing the still by using the tube as a straw. You may want to use plants in the hole as a moisture source. If so, dig out additional soil from the sides of the hole to form a slope on which to place the plants. Then proceed as above. If polluted water is your only moisture source, dig a small trough outside the hole about 25 centimeters from the still’s lip (Figure 6-8). Dig the trough about 25 centimeters deep and 8 centimeters wide. Pour the polluted water in the trough. Be sure you do not spill any polluted water around the rim of the hole where the plastic sheet touches the soil. The trough holds the polluted water and the soil filters it as the still draws it. The water then condenses on the plastic and drains into the container. This process works extremely well when your only water source is salt water. Note: This can only be done as a last resort in absence of other water sources.
Rainwater collected in clean containers or in plants is usually safe for drinking. However, purify water from lakes, ponds, swamps, springs, or streams, especially the water near human settlements or in the tropics. When possible, purify all water you got from vegetation or from the ground by using iodine or chlorine, or by boiling.
Purify water by:
Using water purification tablets.
Placing 5 drops of 2 percent tincture of iodine in a canteen full of clear water. If the canteen is full of cloudy or cold water, use 10 drops. (Let the canteen of water stand for 30 minutes before drinking.)
Boiling water for 1 minute at sea level, adding 1 minute for each additional 300 meters above sea level, or boil for 10 minutes no matter where you are.
By drinking nonpotable water you may contract diseases or swallow organisms that can harm you. Examples of such diseases or organisms are:
Dysentery. Severe, prolonged diarrhea with bloody stools, fever, and weakness.
Cholera and typhoid. You may be susceptible to these diseases regardless of inoculations.
Flukes. Stagnant, polluted water–especially in tropical areas–often contains blood flukes. If you swallow flukes, they will bore into the bloodstream, live as parasites, and cause disease.
Leeches. If you swallow a leech, it can hook onto the throat passage or inside the nose. It will suck blood, create a wound, and move to another area. Each bleeding wound may become infected.
Water Filtration Devices
If the water you find is also muddy, stagnant, and foul smelling, you can clear the water:
By placing it in a container and letting it stand for 12 hours.
By pouring it through a filtering system.
Note: These procedures only clear the water and make it more palatable. You will have to purify it. To make a filtering system, place several centimeters or layers of filtering material such as sand, crushed rock, charcoal, or cloth in bamboo, a hollow log, or an article of clothing.
Remove the odor from water by adding charcoal from your fire. Let the water stand for 45 minutes before drinking it.
What not to Drink:
Alcoholic beverages: dehydrate the body and cloud judgment.
Urine: contains harmful body wastes and is 2 percent salt.
Blood: is salty and considered a food, therefore requires additional body fluids to digest, and may transmit disease.
Seawater: is about 4 percent salt. It takes about 2 liters of body fluids to rid the body of waste from 1 liter of seawater, therefore by drinking seawater you deplete your body’s water supply, which can cause death.
Think of the ability to survive a national economic or societal collapse in the context of a series of concentric rings of vulnerability. They might look like this:
The largest and most fragile outer ring would be the nation itself. Operations of federal government, supply chains, national banks, military chains of command, etc. are highly vulnerable to attack because they are exposed to dangers at every level and every type imaginable. You, as an individual citizen, have little or no control over what happens on the national level. Citizens are doubly imperiled when the government itself becomes a direct domestic threat, while also failing to defend against foreign enemies.
The next would be the ring of state powers and governance. A regional disruption or shakeup at a state level could occur in the case, for instance, of a financial collapse. The citizen wields slightly more influence on state dynamics, but depending on the state and its population, that influence may be limited to pressures applied to state legislators and activities that directly impact state agencies, such as the state board of education and department of transportation. The state of your state is much more important to your personal well-being than is the state of the union.
The next inner ring would be your community, city, or rural town. The potential for disruption to your locale is dependent upon how well its resources are managed and whether or not officials have drafted and implemented emergency plans. You have a great deal of control over where you choose to live and how you use your immediate resources. You have a lot of influence over the functions and composition of city government, if you so choose. But in the event of community failure or collapse-which would be much more dangerous and disruptive in urban areas than in rural areas-you have the advantages of familiarity with the geography and economic profile of your area. In an emergency it will be much easier for you to navigate and access the things you need to survive in your town. Your town can be resilient and prepared if you are involved in the processes which address planning for emergencies.
The innermost ring of vulnerability is the individual/family and home. This is the smallest ring, exposed to the least dangers, and it is under your direction. This is the strongest and most resilient unit of government. Individuals and families survive when governments fail because the individual directs the functions, for good or ill, of that family. This is where you have the most control, and therefore, the greatest safety, IF YOU SO CHOOSE.
Once you understand the power you have to withstand fiscal crisis and potential national implosion, you can begin to prepare in a reasoned and effective process that will ensure that you and your loved ones will have access to the essentials until the national calamities pass.
Hierarchy of necessities:
Water: Store at least 3 days worth of drinkable water in a cool dark location in your home. A minimum of 1 gallon per day per person. A family of 4 would need a minimum of 12 gallons of emergency water storage. But store an entire week’s worth if possible. Obtain water purification tablets, and water filtration devices as well.
Food: Begin with a 3-month supply of food storage. Some rules of thumb are:
Store what you eat and eat what you store.
Store foods you know you and your family will like.
Store foods that are familiar.
Comfort foods are a must in times of psychological stress.
Remember to provide for your pets.
All of the following items have a shelf life of much longer than 90 days. Be sure to store them in a cool place with a stable temperature (garages are not good) away from light.
Canned meats; tuna, chicken, Spam, salmon, etc. (only what your family will eat)
Dried meats such as jerky, chipped beef, summer sausage, salami, pepperoni
Velveeta or a similar processed cheese product
Wet canned vegetables, tomatoes, beans, condiments, and fruit
Easy to prepare dry boxed meals and side dishes ( Macaroni and Cheese is great because it is comfort food.)
Canned soups and stews
Dried pasta and a variety of bottled or canned pasta sauces
Dried fruit, raisins
Boxed Jello and pudding desserts
Boxed cake, muffin, dessert, and cookie mixes (treats and comfort foods have a lot of psychological value during times of stress)
Boxed cereal, oatmeal, cream-of-wheat, cracked wheat, etc.
Complete pancake mix, biscuit mix
Flour, cornmeal, cornstarch, arrowroot
Sugars, honey, molasses, corn syrup
Powdered drinks, hot cocoa, fruit drinks, powdered milk, other preferences such as coffee or tea
Evaporated milk and sweetened condensed milk
Baby food and formula
Peanut butter, Nutella, salted nuts
Condiments, salt, pepper, herbs, spices, vegetable oil, olive oil, shortening, peanut butter, jams, jellies, syrups, ketchup, mustard, soy sauce, pickles, olives, capers, picante sauce, hot sauces, and other condiments that you use on a regular basis
For your freezer: Properly wrapped meats and other foods will last in a freezer well over 90 days. If there is empty space in your freezer, fill the spaces with 3/4 full water bottles. Your freezer will be more efficient when it is filled with frozen items and, if your lose power for a time, the food will stay frozen longer, up to 72 hours if you leave the freezer door closed.
Prepare to grow your own food (and livestock) to the greatest extent possible using farming operations, home gardens, aquaponic or hydroponic gardens, patio gardens, potted gardens, etc. National Geographic Doomsday Preppers “Secret Garden”
Build a network of Faith, Friends, Family, and Freedom Organizations: You are responsible to provide for the spiritual and temporal well-being of yourself and your family. Take advantage of your church and other faith organizations in a mutual-support, communication, and compassionate service network
Build a relationship with Heavenly Father, enlarge your personal faith, and become a source of confidence and assurance to your friends and loved ones. GO TO CHURCH and take advantage of your precious religious liberty.
Nurture your relationships with extended family and friends. Share information about preparing. Address anxieties about what is happening to the United States of America through positive action. Prepare a little each day.
Join pro-Constitution, Conservatively oriented organizations which encourage self-reliance, and involvement in government at the grassroots level. Participate in opportunities to learn about government, The Constitution, American History, and get busy with taking care of your present and future needs.
The innermost ring of vulnerability becomes the inner circle of strength when you choose to be prepared. The window of opportunity is still open, but it is quickly closing upon this nation and its citizens. Do not wait to become prepared. But you can survive. If the nation fails, you don’t have to. You are in control of the basic aspects of your life and liberty.
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